an illustration of renewable energy

How Much of Canada’s Energy is Renewable? Latest Facts

Canada, known for its vast landscapes and rich natural resources, has been at the forefront of adopting renewable energy. As of the latest data, approximately 18.9% of Canada’s energy comes from renewable sources, including solar energy. This impressive figure is the result of years of investments, research, and a nationwide commitment to a sustainable future.

But what exactly comprises this percentage? Which renewable technologies dominate the scene, and how does Canada stack up against its reliance on traditional energy sources? Dive deep with us into the intricacies of Canada’s energy ecosystem, as we explore the driving factors behind its green revolution and uncover the journey towards a cleaner, brighter energy future.

Understanding the Canadian Energy Landscape

wind mills on a field

Before delving into the specifics of green energy sources, it’s essential to understand the broader context of Canada’s energy mix. Traditionally, Canada has been heavily reliant on fossil fuels like oil, coal, and natural gas for its electricity generation and power generation needs. However, in recent years, there has been a concerted effort to shift away from these non-renewable sources.

The Rise of Renewable Energy Technologies in Canada

Canada’s commitment to a greener future is evident in its investment and adoption of renewable energy technologies. These technologies have not only revolutionized how electricity is generated but have also positioned Canada as a frontrunner in the global transition to cleaner energy.

Wind Energy: The installed windmill power capacity in Canada has seen significant growth in the past decade. Wind power offers an efficient and sustainable way to meet the country’s power demands. In areas with consistent wind patterns, turbines convert wind power into usable electricity, reducing reliance on fossil fuels.

Solar Energy: Solar power capability in Canada has been rising steadily. While Canada might not be the sunniest country globally, during the peak summer months, the installed solar energy capacity generates substantial power. As technology advances, solar panels are becoming more efficient, making solar energy an increasingly viable option for electricity generation.

Geothermal Energy: Geothermal energy harnesses the Earth’s internal heat. Canada, with its diverse geological formations, has significant potential for geothermal power generation, although its capacity is still in the early stages of development.

The National Energy Board’s Role in Promoting Renewables

The NEB is a pivotal institution in Canada’s energy landscape and has been instrumental in shaping the trajectory of the nation’s renewable energy narrative. In partnership with entities like Natural Resources Canada and the Canadian Wind Energy Association, the NEB has continually advocated for a greener shift in electricity generation.

Under its aegis, solar energy and wind power have witnessed significant growth. The NEB has diligently worked towards streamlining regulatory processes for renewable energy projects, ensuring a swifter transition from conceptualization to realization. Their collaborative approach with industry stakeholders has led to the development of best practices and guidelines that make the implementation of these projects both efficient and sustainable.

One of the NEB’s crowning achievements has been its focus on wind power capacity. With the collaboration of the Canadian Wind Energy Association, they have embarked on rigorous campaigns and initiatives that underscore the potential of wind power generation in Canada. This commitment is evident in the significant rise in turbines dotting the Canadian landscape, all harnessing the wind to produce electricity.

While the NEB champions renewables, it also recognizes the current landscape’s realities. It balances the drive towards green energy sources with the existing infrastructure rooted in non-renewable energy. But the board’s clear inclination is toward a future where wind, solar, and other sustainable means become the primary sources for electricity generation in Canada.

Comparative Analysis of Renewable and Non-Renewable Sources

Canada’s energy landscape is vast and varied, comprising both renewable and non-renewable sources. Understanding the unique attributes, advantages, and challenges of each is crucial to appreciate Canada’s energy evolution. This section offers a comparative analysis of these sources, shedding light on the dynamics that shape the nation’s energy matrix.

Renewable Sources

1. Wind and Solar Energy: Leading the charge in Canada’s renewable transition, wind and solar have shown exponential growth rates. Their intermittent nature is counterbalanced by declining installation costs and increased energy storage solutions. Plus, as technologies improve, their efficiency and power capacity continue to rise.

2. Hydroelectricity: This has been Canada’s energy stalwart for years. The vast number of rivers and water bodies offer a consistent energy source, making it one of the most dependable renewable options.

3. Geothermal and Tidal Energy: While nascent in their adoption, these sources present vast untapped potential. With continuous energy generation, irrespective of weather conditions, they could play a pivotal role in the future.

Non-Renewable Sources

1. Natural Gas: As one of the cleanest fossil fuels, natural gas acts as a bridge between the old and new energy realms. It’s less pollutant-intensive than coal or oil and serves as a reliable energy source during green energy source downtimes.

2. Coal: Historically, coal has been a significant energy provider. But with high greenhouse gas emissions and environmental concerns, its prominence is dwindling.

3. Oil: Canada, home to the third-largest oil reserves globally, has a deep-rooted oil economy. However, the global shift towards greener alternatives and market dynamics are nudging the nation towards reduced oil dependency.


Green energy sources, with their environmental benefits and increasingly competitive costs, are on an upward trajectory. Non-renewables, while still vital, face challenges from both environmental and economic fronts. The pivot towards renewables is not just driven by sustainability goals but also by long-term economic prudence. As the world transitions to a low-carbon future, Canada’s energy journey offers insights into the complex interplay of legacy energy systems and the dawn of a renewable era.

Canada’s Renewable Energy Future

hydro electric power station

The future looks promising for Canada’s renewable energy sector. Here are some projections:

Increased Installed Renewable Energy Capacity: As technology continues to evolve and become more cost-effective, Canada’s installed renewable energy capacity across wind, solar, and geothermal is expected to grow.

Diversification of Green Energy Sources: While wind and solar have garnered much attention, other renewable power sources like tidal and biomass might gain traction.

Reduction in Greenhouse Gas Emissions: As the percentage of renewable energy produced increases, the nation’s greenhouse gas emissions are expected to decrease, making Canada a global leader in tackling climate change.

Furthermore, technological advancements will further bolster Canada’s position. With constant innovations in energy storage, grid integration, and efficiency enhancements, renewable power sources will soon become even more accessible and widespread. Investment in research and infrastructure is also likely to witness an uptick, driven by both governmental initiatives and private sector interests.

Canada’s vast landscapes offer another unique advantage. The expansive territories provide ample opportunities to harness and scale up energy projects without causing significant ecological disruption. Additionally, with public sentiment leaning towards sustainability and a growing recognition of the impacts of climate change, there’s a societal push towards green energy. This public consensus, combined with policy support, ensures that the renewable energy sector in Canada will continue to thrive.

Finally, Canada’s renewable energy future is not just an aspiration; it’s a clear, actionable roadmap towards a cleaner, greener, and more sustainable tomorrow.


Canada’s journey towards renewable energy adoption is multifaceted. From the expansive installed wind energy capacity to the growing solar power capacity, the nation is making undeniable progress. While challenges remain, especially in phasing out fossil fuels and integrating various renewable sources seamlessly, the trajectory is upward.

Canada, backed by institutions like the National Energy Board, is well on its way to becoming a beacon for countries worldwide looking to transition to a cleaner, greener energy landscape. With each wind turbine erected and every solar panel installed, Canada steps closer to a future powered predominantly by renewable energy.

Frequently Asked Questions

Do You Think Canada Could Get To 100% Renewable Energy Sources?

While it’s technically feasible for Canada to transition to 100% renewable power sources, several factors come into play, such as technological advancements, economic implications, infrastructure development, and policy support. Canada’s vast natural resources and commitment to sustainability make it a prime candidate for such a transition. However, a complete shift would require significant investments, research, and time. Given the current trajectory and the nation’s dedication to green energy, it’s possible that Canada could move significantly closer to this goal in the coming decades.

What Is Canada’s Main Energy Source?

Historically, Canada has been heavily reliant on fossil fuels, with oil, natural gas, and coal playing significant roles. However, hydroelectricity stands out as a dominant energy source, especially in terms of electricity generation. The vast water bodies across the nation have allowed Canada to harness hydroelectric power on a large scale.

What Is Canada Ranked in Renewable Energy?

According to Wisevoter, Canada is currently ranked 13th in the world for renewable energy. This ranking takes into consideration factors such as the nation’s capacity for renewable energy production, investments in green technologies, and the extent of its renewable energy infrastructure. While Canada has made significant strides, especially in hydroelectricity, other countries have also been rapidly advancing their renewable energy sectors, which plays a role in the global rankings.

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